The main conditions for a quick recovery after augmentation mammoplasty are moral preparation, strict adherence to doctor's recommendations and a positive attitude. The rules and restrictions that surgeons must follow will reduce the risk of undesirable consequences, and drug therapy will alleviate the condition and improve the outcome.
Complications caused by wound infection may appear at 1-2 weeks: increased swelling, severe pain, fever.
In patients with a bleeding disorder, during the first 3 weeks, they allow physical activity or remove compression underwear, hematomas appear.
Injury to the glands, pleural girdle load, running, bending can cause rotation, rotation of the implant.
In women with a lack of glandular fatty tissue, visualization, stent probing, ripling (rippling of the skin) are possible. These defects are corrected by lipofilling.
After 3-12 months are diagnosed:
- capsular contracture (hardening of the fibrous membrane);
- asymmetry of glands, nipples;
- stagnation of lymph fluid (seroma);
- hypertrophic scars, keloids;
- anaplastic lymphoma (about 100 cases / 1 million operations).
Recovery period timeline
The complexity and duration of rehabilitation depends on the degree of complexity of mammaplasty. After a simple augmentation with implants, women recover faster and easier than after complex stents combined with a facelift, removing excess tissue.
The postoperative wound heals in 5 to 7 days. The implants take root within 8 to 10 weeks. A new breast is formed up to six months. To control the dynamics of wound healing, to identify complications, the surgeon conducts scheduled examinations.
The result of the operation by 30% depends on the experience and knowledge of the doctor. 70% of the result is formed by the correct behavior of the patient. A woman should know how to behave, which sensations are the norm and which are a deviation.
First postoperative week
On the first day, the patient is in the intensive care unit. The effects of anesthesia are felt: weakness, drowsiness, nausea. The pain in the chest area is dull in nature. To relieve the condition, painkillers are prescribed. At the end of the first day, they are allowed to walk. On the second day, they deliver an extract.
The first 3-6 days are the norm:
- temperature rise to 37. 9 degrees;
- a feeling of tension, fullness in the mammary glands (the larger the volume of the endoprosthesis, the stronger the sensations);
- edema, hematomas (the appearance of new hematomas, an increase in the size of edema is an alarming symptom);
- loss of skin sensitivity in the nipples, lower pole.
A compression bra is required. It is impossible to take off the underwear for 30-45 days, even at night. It is necessary to show up for dressings on the days indicated by the doctor. It is forbidden to raise your hands, sleep on your side and on your stomach, take a bath, lift objects weighing more than a few kg.
Second postoperative week
From the 6th day, the pain and discomfort disappear. The sutures are removed on the 7-10th day. The swelling persists, invisible under the laundry.
The chest pleases with volume. Women can go to non-physical work, do simple household chores.
For the implant to maintain the correct position for a month after breast augmentation, it is impossible:
- walking, sleeping without compression underwear;
- lie on your stomach, sides;
- lean forward, down;
- jumping and running, putting a load on the shoulder girdle, pressing;
- lifting weights;
One month after the operation
After 4-6 weeks, the swelling of the glands is barely noticeable or disappears. There is itching, tingling, slight pain in the scarred area.
Women lead a normal life: go to bed without underwear, take a hot bath, go for long walks. Compression bandage, with the permission of the doctor, is replaced by an underwire bra, a sports top.
Yoga and Pilates classes are allowed. At home, they do a light warm-up, avoiding movements that cause pain and discomfort. Loads on the legs are not contraindicated. The mammary glands must be protected from shocks, pressures, jolts. Still can't overheat, tan, fly.
More than a month after implant placement
Most restrictions are removed after 60-75 days. During this period, a capsule is formed, the pectoral muscles adapt to the stent. The risk of displacement, blow of implants is reduced.
From the third month it is allowed to sleep on your stomach, relax in the sauna, on the beach, take baths. You can pump the press, do inclines, do gymnastics, walk down the street or on a treadmill. The doctor will allow jogging, jumping in 4-5 months, power loads - in six months.
You can only play sports in the first year in a tight sports top. Traumatization of the gland should be avoided for the duration of implant wear.
Drugs, drugs, diet to shorten the rehabilitation period
The first week, patients come to the clinic to get dressed, then they take care of their breasts themselves. The doctor prescribes :
- antibacterial and antifungal therapy (7-10 days);
- antiseptics for the treatment of seams (brilliant green solution, iodine, antiseptic solutions for 15-20 days).
When the scabs come off, the scars are coated with healing agents. Depending on the stage of recovery, surgeons recommend anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial ointments.
When buying bras, you should choose models with wide straps and deep cups. To speed up the healing of the breast, include a large amount of protein foods in the diet: fish, poultry, cottage cheese. Eat fresh vegetables and fruits, dishes based on gelatin (aspic, jelly), containing zinc, peanuts, pine nuts, beans.
Frequently asked questions, answers to these
I want to decide on the operation, but I don't know what to expect?
You will see the aesthetic result on the monitor screen after 3D modeling. After the procedure, the pain is insignificant, discomfort is felt in the first 5 days. If you follow the restrictions, process the seams correctly, in a few months you can admire the new forms, forgetting about the operation.
Do bad habits (smoking, alcohol) affect the rehabilitation process?
Drinking alcohol, nicotine causes vasospasm, which leads to insufficient supply of oxygen to the tissues. After each cigarette, the vessels remain constricted for up to 90 minutes. In patients who smoke, drink alcohol, reject, tissue necrosis occurs three times more often.
I go to the gym quite often. Are there any restrictions?
You can go to the gym from the fifth week, but you will have to limit yourself to treadmill walking, exercises for the press, leg muscles. Yoga, Pilates are allowed. Track running, dumbbell exercises are available after 4-6 months. Professional bodybuilding and weightlifting are prohibited for women with implants placed under the pectoral muscle.
Sex is important to me. Is it possible to have an active sex life during rehabilitation?
In the first three to five days, discomfort, pain does not contribute to the awakening of sexual desires. From the end of the first week, you can and should have sex. It is necessary to protect the chest from pressure, jerks. Pick positions where the man is back, put your hands on something sturdy to reduce body sway, and have fun.
Tell us about the rest rules after surgery?
The doctor recommends resting in a semi-sitting position for the first three days. For 20-30 days you can only sleep on your back.
I cannot find on the Internet a detailed description of the implementation of hygiene procedures during the rehabilitation period. Give me some advice?
Showering is allowed for 3-4 days. The water temperature is 36 degrees. The seam can get wet, but you can't touch it with your hands, a washcloth. Use baby soap, neutral pH gel. After bathing, you need to treat the scar with an antiseptic, apply a bandage, put on compression underwear. After 30 days, a hot bath is allowed.
My work involves frequent business trips. Is it possible to often resort to air travel?
The ban on air travel is lifted after 90 days. The frequency of flights is not limited.